Mixing TestNG and JUnit tests in one Maven module – 2013 edition

Posted: 2013-03-12 in Tricks & Tips
Tags: , , , , , ,

Recently I wanted to configure an ability to run both TestNG and JUnit tests in one Maven module (project). At the end I managed how to do it clean and short, but before that I have found a few different solutions on the web (top 5 in Google) which part of them didn’t work and the rest applied to the earlier versions of Surefire plugin and was overly complicated (e.g. two separate executions). Therefore I decided to write this short post to show how it could be done in Surefire 2.13 – the newest version available in March 2013.

Mixing those tests frameworks in one module can be done just by adding both JUnit and TestNG as a plugin dependencies (not as project dependencies):

<plugin>
    <artifactId>maven-surefire-plugin</artifactId>
    <version>${surefire.version}</version>
    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.maven.surefire</groupId>
            <artifactId>surefire-junit47</artifactId>
            <version>${surefire.version}</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.apache.maven.surefire</groupId>
            <artifactId>surefire-testng</artifactId>
            <version>${surefire.version}</version>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>
</plugin>

As the result both test types are executed.

[INFO] --- maven-surefire-plugin:2.13:test (default-test) @ junit-testng-poc ---
[INFO] Surefire report directory: /tmp/junit-testng-poc/target/surefire-reports
[INFO] Using configured provider org.apache.maven.surefire.junitcore.JUnitCoreProvider
[INFO] Using configured provider org.apache.maven.surefire.testng.TestNGProvider

-------------------------------------------------------
 T E S T S
-------------------------------------------------------
parallel='none', perCoreThreadCount=true, threadCount=2, useUnlimitedThreads=false
Running info.solidsoft.rnd.junit.testng.SampleJUnitTest
Tests run: 1, Failures: 0, Errors: 0, Skipped: 0, Time elapsed: 0.253 sec

Results :

Tests run: 1, Failures: 0, Errors: 0, Skipped: 0


-------------------------------------------------------
 T E S T S
-------------------------------------------------------
Running TestSuite
Configuring TestNG with: TestNG652Configurator
Tests run: 1, Failures: 0, Errors: 0, Skipped: 0, Time elapsed: 0.869 sec

Results :

Tests run: 1, Failures: 0, Errors: 0, Skipped: 0

Why to use TestNG with JUnit together? TestNG has a few features which are unavailable or less flexible in JUnit (just to mention a few: dependencies between tests and groups of tests (irreplaceable for integration tests with long startup), parametrized tests, concurrent execution or per suite/group/class init/shutdown operations). Therefore it is tempting to migrate existing tests from JUnit to TestNG. Having large code base it could be not so easy to migrate all of them at once and presented configuration allows to write the new tests in TestNG and rewrite the old tests when appropriate.

The whole working example can be found in my GitHub repository.

Btw, it is worth to mention that thanks to the fact TestNG generates reports also in the JUnit’s XML format all the tools compatible with JUnit (Jenkins, Sonar, …) will merge test results from JUnit and TestNG and display all of them properly.

Btw2, the same configuration works also with Failsafe plugin.

Btw3, thanks to the fact Spock Framework is under the hood a runner for JUnit presented trick can be used also to mix it with TestNG. This requires some additional work to integrate also Groovy and I plan to write about it in one of my future posts.

Comments
  1. Marcel says:

    Nice post, Marcin :)

  2. Masahiko Sakamoto says:

    Good post ! And I made sample Maven3 project which execute JUnit(Java, Groovy) and TestNG(Java, Groovy) and Spock(Groovy only) test cases at same time (“mvn test”).
    Thank you!!

  3. Masahiko Sakamoto says:

    Sorry, I forgot sample project link : https://github.com/msakamoto-sf/maven3-junit-spock-testng-mixin

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