Automatic release/promotion of artifacts to Maven Central from Gradle

Posted: 2015-03-24 in Tools
Tags: , , , , , , , , ,

Quick tutorial how to promote/release artifacts in a Gradle project to Maven Central, without clicking in the Nexus GUI with Gradle Nexus Staging Plugin.


Maven Central (aka The Central Repository) is (probably) the world’s largest set of open source artifacts used by Java and JVM-based projects. It was founded by the creators of Apache Maven and it has been serving artifacts since 2002. Nowadays there are some alternatives (listed below), but for many users Maven Central is still the primary source of project dependencies (and sometimes the only one whitelisted in the corporations).

The Central Repository logo


To perform the release to The Central Repository, Maven users can use Nexus Staging Maven Plugin – free, but not fully open source plugin. But with Gradle it was required to login into Nexus GUI and manually invoke two actions (close repository and release/promote repository). Quite boring and in addition highly problematic with the Continuous Delivery approach. Luckily Nexus exposes REST API which with some work allows to do the same. Gradle Nexus Staging Plugin arose to do that job.

Quick start

Important. Please pay attention that the prerequisite is to have an active and configured account in Sonatype OSSRH (OSS Repository Hosting) as well as Gradle project configured to publish release artifacts to staging repository. If you don’t have it already please follow a separate section for Gradle in the official guide.

To setup automatic release/promotion in your project add gradle-nexus-staging-plugin to the buildscript dependencies in your build.gradle file for root project:

buildscript {
    repositories {
    dependencies {
        classpath ""

Apply the plugin:

apply plugin: ''

Configure it:

nexusStaging {
    packageGroup = "org.mycompany.myproject"
    stagingProfileId = "yourStagingProfileId" //when not defined will be got from server using "packageGroup"

After successful archives upload (with maven, maven-publish or nexus plugin) to Sonatype OSSRH call:

./gradlew closeRepository promoteRepository

to close staging repository and promote/release it and its artifacts. If a synchronization with Maven Central was enabled the artifacts should automatically appear into Maven Central within several minutes.


The plugin provides two main task:

  • closeRepository – closes the open repository with uploaded artifacts. There should be just one open repository available in the staging profile (possible old/broken repositories can be dropped with Nexus GUI)
  • promoteRepository – promotes/releases closed repository (required to put artifacts to Maven Central)

And one additional:

  • getStagingProfile – gets and displays staging profile id for a given package group. This is a diagnostic task to get the value and put it into the configuration closure as stagingProfileId. To see the result it is required to call gradle with --info switch.

It has to be mentioned that calling Nexus REST API ends immediately, but the closing operation takes a moment, so to make it possible to call closeRepository promoteRepository together there is a built-in retry mechanism.

The plugin is “upload mechanism agnostic” and can be used together with maven, maven-plugin or nexus plugins.

For more details and configuration parameters see project webpage or the working example in the plugin’s own release configuration.

Alternatives to Maven Central?

There is much younger, but promising alternative – Bintray which also allows to serve artifacts. It is free for open source projects and I personally had used it for some other projects and even created an automatic release mechanism for Bintray, Travis and Gradle. It works ok, but to put artifacts also to Maven Central it is required to store a private key used for singing on their servers and in addition provide Nexus credentials. It increases the risk to have them stolen and in Codearte we prefer to use private Jenkins instance to perform the release directly to Maven Central.


With Gradle Nexus Staging Plugin the whole release process to Maven Central can be performed with Gradle from a command line and with some additional work completely automatic from a CI server. No more buttons to push in Nexus GUI. In addition to Sonatype OSSRH the plugin can be also used with private Nexus instances with enabled staging repositories.

Btw, there possibly are many things that could be enhancement in the plugin. If you need something or found a bug feel free to use issue tracker to report that.

Thanks to Kuba Kubryński for motivation and help with analyzing the not very well documented Nexus REST API.

  1. E.D. says:

    an absolutely excellent piece of work ! thanx for this🙂

  2. […] Rilascio/promozione automatica dei artifacts in Maven Central tramite Gradle (con Gradle Nexus Staging Plugin) […]

  3. […] >> Automatic promotion of artifacts to Maven Central from Gradle […]

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